The earliest known surviving cheque printed with the name of the issuing bank is dated 1759 and drawn on Messrs Vere Glyn & Hallifax. It is held by the Bank of England.

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The Commercial Bank of Scotland is thought to have been the first bank to personalise its customers’ cheques, with the earliest example reported from 1811, although the practice may have been introduced from the bank’s inception in 1810. The bank printed the name of the account holder vertically along the left-hand edge (The example shows a personalised cheque for a ‘John Thom’). Both of these companies eventually became part of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group.

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By 1830, sufficient cheque payments were being made by the Bank of England’s customers to justify issuing books of 50, 100 or 200 forms and counterparts, which were either bound or stitched.